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A Case of Nepal

COVID-19 and its association with Smoking and Alcohol consumption

The pandemic caused by COVID-19 has engulfed the whole world and has affected every facet of human life. Researchers have scrambled to figure out the association of the virus with various lifestyle choices so as to limit the spread and mitigate its impact and develop a vaccine. Given that the COVID-19 virus is a new virus to infect human beings, many aspects of the virus remain unstudied. This is reflected in the changing guidelines issued by the WHO and health agencies such as CDC, who update those based on the new information to emerge from the research. The association of COVID-19 with smoking has been studied in some parts of the world, and the results have differed. The WHO stated that smokers were ‘more likely to develop severe disease with COVID-19, compared to a non- smoker. Meanwhile, other research found that smoking was not a factor related to the patients who had the diseases. This research aims to assess COVID-19 and its association with smoking and alcohol. Specifically, the research tested whether the prevalence and severity (if contacted) of COVID-19 among those who smoke and consume alcohol. It also analyzed the association of COVID-19 with socio-demographic factors and the health habits of people. Hence, this study adds value by researching the case in the context of Nepal.

February, 2022

Impact Of COVID-19

On Nepali Civil Society Organizations

Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) are often at the forefront of crisis and are the early responders. The important role these organizations play during the crisis has been well documented (Johnsen & Stedronsky, 2017; Kämpe, 2018; Wendelbo et al., 2016). The role of CSOs during all phases of the earthquake aftermath, starting from the search-and rescue efforts to the resilience-building stage is well known(NGO Federation of Nepal, 2016). The nature of COVID-19 is far different from the natural disasters or any other crises humanity had faced this century. Civil Society Organizations faced dual pressure during the crisis; first, the demand for their services and support increased substantially in the communities they served. Second, their physical mobility was hindered by the government imposed nationwide lockdown.

May, 2020

Assessment Of Provincial

Governments' Response To COVID-19

The Assessment of Provincial Government’s Response to COVID-19 was undertaken by Foundation and Development Management (FDM) and Nepal Institute for Policy Research (NIPoRe) primarily to understand and critically look into how the seven provinces of Nepal have handled the COVID-19
pandemic. The study analyzed provincial governments’ emergency response policies, resources, mechanism and the effectiveness of the response. Moreover, the team also looked into the coordination between federal government, provincial government and local governments in handling the crisis and identified the challenges and the gaps experienced during the management.

April, 2020